Serving Techniques in Beach Volleyball

19 November 2023by kontra

As an experienced beach volleyball coach, I’ve seen firsthand how mastering advanced serving techniques can significantly elevate a player’s game. Serving is not just about putting the ball into play; it’s a strategic tool that can set the tone for the entire rally. In beach volleyball, where the environmental factors like wind, sun, and sand play a significant role, serving becomes even more crucial. Let’s explore some advanced serving techniques that can give players a competitive edge.

Underhand vs. Overhand Serves

At the fundamental level, serves in beach volleyball are categorized into underhand and overhand serves. Underhand serves offer better control and are less prone to faults. They are particularly useful for beginners or in situations where precision is more important than power. In contrast, overhand serves are more powerful and versatile, capable of executing a variety of shots. This type of serve is generally more challenging but can be more effective in disrupting the opponent’s play​​.

Standing Topspin Serve

The standing topspin serve is a less common but effective technique on the professional tour. It starts similarly to a standing float serve, with a unique twist: some players choose to serve with the same hand they use for the toss, although this is rare. This serve generates topspin on the ball, causing it to dip quickly and making it challenging for the receiver to handle​​.

Float and Rainbow Serves

The basic arm swing mechanics are crucial for executing successful float serves. In a float serve, the ball is hit with no spin, causing it to move unpredictably in the air, much like a knuckleball in baseball. This unpredictability can make it difficult for opponents to judge and pass accurately. Additionally, variations like the rainbow serve, where the ball is served in a high arc, can be used to exploit the opposing team’s positioning and weaknesses​​.

Jump Serving

Jump serving, a more advanced and aggressive form of serving, adds an element of power and surprise to the game. It involves a player taking a short run-up, jumping, and hitting the ball in mid-air, similar to a spike. This type of serve is effective because it can generate more power and speed, making it harder for the opponent to predict and return the ball. Consistency in jump serving can be improved by studying techniques used by top players​​.

The Sky Ball Serve

A unique serve in beach volleyball is the sky ball serve. This involves hitting the ball high into the air, making it come down almost vertically onto the opponent’s side. The effectiveness of this serve is amplified by the outdoor elements like sun, wind, and rain. When executed without spin, the sky ball mimics the unpredictability of a float serve but from a much higher altitude, adding another layer of difficulty for the receiver​​.


In beach volleyball, serving is not just a skill but an art form that requires practice, precision, and strategic thinking. Each of these advanced serving techniques offers different advantages and can be employed based on the match situation, opponent’s weaknesses, and environmental conditions. As players progress in their skills, mastering these serves can significantly enhance their overall game and strategy on the sand. Remember, a well-placed serve can not only win points but also disrupt the opponent’s rhythm, setting the stage for a successful match.

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